Human Trafficking

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Yes, It Happens Here, Too: Human Trafficking in the U.S.

Slavery still exists in the United States in the form of human trafficking. Human trafficking involves forcing or coercing people to participate in unpaid labor, domestic servitude or prostitution. Victims endure horrific abuse, both physical and mental, and many do not make it out alive.

The Frightening Numbers

Human trafficking is a $32 billion-a-year industry; that’s larger than the illegal arms industry. (1)

4.5 million

Number of people who have been lured, forced or sold into sex trafficking in the U.S. (1)

Victims of human trafficking live an average of only seven years once they’ve been trafficked. (1)

Calls made in 2015 to human trafficking hotline by state (2)

California: 3,609

Texas: 1,731

Florida: 1,518

Ohio: 1,066

New York: 924

Michigan: 717

Georgia: 641

Virginia: 624

Illinois: 555

New Jersey: 543

Pennsylvania: 514

North Carolina: 463

Maryland: 454

Washington: 410

Missouri: 365

Arizona: 355

Colorado: 310

District of Columbia: 298

Nevada: 277

Louisiana: 276

Tennessee: 262

Massachusetts: 258

Kentucky: 257

Oregon: 252

Indiana: 243

South Carolina: 233

Wisconsin: 227

Minnesota: 224

Alabama: 186

Iowa: 146

Oklahoma: 146

Kansas: 126

Connecticut: 120

Arkansas: 109

Mississippi: 107

Utah: 101

Nebraska: 101

New Mexico: 90

Hawaii: 68

Montana: 66

South Dakota: 64

Maine: 59

Idaho: 58

West Virginia: 48

North Dakota: 48

New Hampshire: 47

Rhode Island: 40

Alaska: 37

Wyoming: 32

Delaware: 28

Vermont: 28

Trafficking types reported (2)

Sex: 73%

Labor: 14%

Not specified: 9%

Sex and labor: 4%

Gender (2)

Female: 84%

Male: 13%

Gender minorities: 3%

Age (2)

Adults: 67%

Minors: 33%

Child Trafficking

Children are often targets for traffickers because they are easier to manipulate. People under 18 are also in higher demand in the sex trafficking industry.

The average victim age is 11 to 14. (1)


Number of Americans under 18 who are lured into the commercial sex industry each year (1)


Percentage of transactions for sex with underage girls that start on the internet (1)

Signs and Help

Is human trafficking happening to someone you know? Here are some common signs of a trafficked individual. Warning signs to look for in a person include: (3)

  • Not being able to come or go as they please
  • Constantly having to take orders or get permission from someone else
  • Working excessive hours but never talking about their job
  • Talking about a large debt they can’t pay off
  • In a constant state of fear or paranoia, particularly focused on the police
  • Appearing malnourished or, particularly for children, not taken care of
  • Showing signs of physical or sexual abuse
  • Having few or no personal possessions
  • Showing a suspicious lack of knowledge about the area they live in

To report suspected human trafficking, call the National Human Trafficking Hotline at 1-888-373-7888. Or text HELP to: BeFree (233733).

Making a difference

Over the past two decades, some important legislation has been put in place to slow its growth and hopefully one day stop the human trafficking industry. (3)

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000

This act established the methods for investigating and prosecuting suspected human traffickers. This legislation also established the Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking, which implements the laws put forth by the act.

The PROTECT Act of 2003

The Prosecutorial Remedies and Other Tools to End the Exploitation of Children Today (PROTECT) Act established harsh, extensive penalties for U.S. citizens taking part in sex tourism, either within the U.S. or other countries. This act also created the Amber Alert system for lost or abducted children.

The National Defense Authorization Act of 2013

This act gave the U.S. government the right to terminate any contract with a country, agency or individual that engages in or supports human trafficking.

Human Trafficking